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2012 Report | Introduction & Clarification of Unresolved Issues

A. Introduction

1. This report of the Director General to the Board of Governors and, in parallel, to the Security Council, is on the implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement1 and relevant provisions of Security Council resolutions in the Islamic Republic of Iran (Iran).

2. The Security Council has affirmed that the steps required by the Board of Governors in its resolutions 2are binding on Iran.3 The relevant provisions of the aforementioned Security Council resolutions were adopted under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, and are mandatory, in accordance with the termsof those resolutions.4

3. By virtue of its Relationship Agreement with the United Nations,5 the Agency is required to cooperate with the Security Council in the exercise of the Council’s responsibility for the maintenance or restoration of international peace and security. All Members of the United Nations agree to accept and carry out the decisions of the Security Council,6and in this respect, to take actions which are consistent with their

obligations under the United Nations Charter.

4. This report addresses developments since the last report (GOV/2011/65, 8 November 2011), as well asissues of longer standing. It focuses on those areas where Iran has not fully implemented its binding obligations, as the full implementation of these obligations is needed to establish international confidence in

the exclusively peaceful nature of Iran’s nuclear programme.

 

B. Clarification of Unresolved Issues

5. On 18 November 2011, the Board of Governors adopted resolution GOV/2011/69 in which, inter alia,it stressed that it was essential for Iran and the Agency to intensify their dialogue aimed at the urgent resolution of all outstanding substantive issues for the purpose of providing clarifications regarding those issues, including access to all relevant information, documentation, sites, material, and personnel in Iran. The Board also called on Iran to engage seriously and without preconditions in talks aimed at restoring international confidence in the exclusively peaceful nature of Iran’s nuclear programme. In light of this, and following an exchange of letters between the Agency and Iran, it was agreed that an Agency team wouldvisit Iran for talks.

6. From 29 to 31 January 2012, an Agency team held a first round of talks in Tehran with Iranian officials aimed at resolving all outstanding issues. During the talks:

  • The Agency explained its concerns and identified the clarification of possible military dimensions toIran’s nuclear programme as the top priority.
  • The Agency requested access to the Parchin site, but Iran did not grant access to the site at that time.
  • The Agency and Iran had an initial discussion on the approach to clarifying all outstanding issues inconnection with Iran’s nuclear programme, including issues to be addressed, initial actions andmodalities.7
  • A draft discussion paper on a structured approach to the clarification of all outstanding issues inconnection with Iran’s nuclear programme was prepared for further consideration.

7. Following that first meeting, exchanges between Iran and the Agency resulted in further elaboration ofthe structured approach.

8. During the second round of talks in Tehran, which took place from 20 to 21 February 2012:

  • The Agency reiterated its request for access to Parchin. Iran stated that it was still not able to grantaccess to that site.
  • An intensive discussion was held on the structured approach to the clarification of all outstanding issues related to Iran’s nuclear programme. No agreement was reached between Iran and the Agency,as major differences existed with respect to the approach.
  • In response to the Agency’s request, Iran provided the Agency with an initial declaration in connection with the issues identified in Section C of the Annex to the Director General’s November 2011 reportto the Board of Governors (GOV/2011/65). Iran’s declaration dismissed the Agency’s concerns inrelation to the aforementioned issues, largely on the grounds that Iran considered them to be based onunfounded allegations.
  • The Agency gave a presentation to Iran on the Agency’s initial questions on Parchin and the foreign expert,8and provided clarification of the nature of the Agency’s concerns and the information available to it, in this regard.
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