1. This report of the Director General to the Board of Governors and, in parallel, to the Security Council, is on the implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement1 and relevant provisions of Security Council resolutions in the Islamic Republic of Iran (Iran).
2. The Security Council has affirmed that the steps required by the Board of Governors in itsresolutions2 are binding on Iran.3 The relevant provisions of the aforementioned Security Councilresolutions were adopted under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, and are mandatory, inaccordance with the terms of those resolutions.4
3. By virtue of its Relationship Agreement with the United Nations,5 the Agency is required tocooperate with the Security Council in the exercise of the Council’s responsibility for the maintenance orrestoration of international peace and security. All Members of the United Nations agree to accept andcarry out the decisions of the Security Council,6and in this respect, to take actions which are consistentwith their obligations under the United Nations Charter.
4. In a letter dated 26 May 2011, H.E. Dr Fereydoun Abbasi, Vice President of Iran and Head of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI), informed the Director General that Iran would be preparedto receive relevant questions from the Agency on its nuclear activities after a declaration by the Agencythat the work plan (INFCIRC/711) had been fully implemented and that the Agency would there after implement safeguards in Iran in a routine manner. In his reply of 3 June 2011, the Director General informed Dr Abbasi that the Agency was neither in a position to make such a declaration, nor to conduct safeguards in Iran in a routine manner, in light of concerns about the existence in Iran of possible militarydimensions to Iran’s nuclear programme. On 19 September 2011, the Director General met Dr Abbasi in Vienna, and discussed issues related to the implementation of Iran’s Safeguards Agreement and otherrelevant obligations. In a letter dated 30 September 2011, the Agency reiterated its invitation to Iran to reengage with the Agency on the outstanding issues related to possible military dimensions to Iran’s nuclearprogramme and the actions required of Iran to resolve those issues. In a letter dated 30 October 2011,DrAbbasi referred to his previous discussions with the Director General and expressed the will of Iran “toremove ambiguities, if any”, suggesting that the Deputy Director General for Safeguards (DDG-SG),should visit Iran for discussions. In his reply, dated 2 November 2011, the Director General indicated his preparedness to send the DDG-SG to “discuss the issues identified” in his forthcoming report to the Boardof Governors.
5. This report addresses developments since the last report (GOV/2011/54, 2 September 2011), as wellas issues of longer standing, and, in line with the Director General’s opening remarks to the Board of Governors on 12 September 2011, contains an Annex setting out in more detail the basis for the Agency’sconcerns about possible military dimensions to Iran’s nuclear programme. The report focuses on thoseareas where Iran has not fully implemented its binding obligations, as the full implementation of these obligations is needed to establish international confidence in the exclusively peaceful nature of Iran’snuclear programme.
B. Facilities Declared under Iran’s Safeguards Agreement
6. Under its Safeguards Agreement, Iran has declared to the Agency 15 nuclear facilities and ninelocations outside facilities where nuclear material is customarily used (LOFs).7 Notwithstanding that certain of the activities being undertaken by Iran at some of the facilities are contrary to the relevant resolutions of the Board of Governors and the Security Council, as indicated below, the Agency continuesto implement safeguards at these facilities and LOFs.